About Chihuahua Puppies
Named for a state in Mexico, the Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. Their tiny size made them excellent companions for humans dating as far back as 300 B.C. when Chihuahua ancestors were buried with the ancient Toltec civilization of Mexico.
A Brief History
With canine ancestors seeming to date back hundreds of years, more modern depictions of Chihuahuas have been located in the Great Pyramid of Cholula on the Yucatan Peninsula that is dated to the 16th century. Explorer and Hernan Cortes wrote of the Aztecs raising this breed of dogs, and colonial records from the 19th century also seem to indicate the presence of Chihuahuas. This ongoing account of the dogs is indicative of their continued popularity among rescue partners and families.
As the smallest dog breed recognized by most kennel clubs, Chihuahuas average only 6-9 inches in shoulder height and 2-6 pounds in weight. Their tiny stature makes them ideal for travel and apartment living, leading to the rise in Chihuahua popularity among celebrities and other owners who carry their dogs in their shoulder bags.
Most of these dogs are recognizable for their apple-shaped heads with short, pointy muzzles. Also, Chihuahuas have large and erect ears that protrude from their heads, and their tiny feet move rapidly when they run. The dogs’ tails are typically curved, either over their backs or along their sides.
Chihuahuas are divided into short-haired and long-haired varieties. Long-haired versions are smoother to the touch since their fluffy appearance is a result of a downy undercoat and fine guard hairs. Despite the long hair, these Chihuahuas do not need to be trimmed or groomed very frequently, and they do not shed as much as the short-haired variation.
There are many different color combinations for Chihuahuas, including solid, marked and splashed coats. The most common coat colors for these dogs are fawn, red, cream, chocolate and black, although Chihuahuas can be found in any mixture or pattern of these shades. Despite this great variety in appearance, none is considered more desirable or more valuable.
Perhaps because of their tiny size, Chihuahuas are frequently shy and reserved around strangers. However, they do form an attachment and devotion to their owner, usually a singular individual. Once that attachment is in place, these dogs become exceptionally affectionate and defensive.
Although they are frequently portrayed as loud, most Chihuahuas are not overly aggressive, especially when they are trained as puppies. When introduced to other animals and children at a young age, these canines can become very social, intelligent and graceful. However, many young children see these small dogs as toys, and Chihuahuas do not like to be teased or overly handled. When provoked, this breed will attack aggressively to protect itself. In addition, these dogs will burrow into pillows, blankets or other dark and comfortable areas to create a den for safety.
Health and Care
Chihuahuas should be regularly brushed and groomed, and their teeth and claws should be checked frequently for signs of wear. Their small stature and lack of fat make Chihuahua’s susceptible to cold temperatures, becoming cold easily. They are more suited to warm climates, indoor living and wearing dog clothing.
Chihuahuas must watch their weight gain, so they should not be overfed to keep them in the best health. Most of these dogs get enough exercise from running around indoors because any movement is a lot of activity for their tiny bodies. This breed is not known for being a particularly outdoorsy breed, often preferring to remain inside.
Many Chihuahuas are not well trained because they are so small that they can be easily carried. However, they are eager to learn new tricks when taught with patience and consistency.
If you are looking for a small dog perfect for indoor living, consider adding a Chihuahua puppy to your household.